Index

Layers of the Land: Prompts for Writing Outside

According to the Grand Canyon National Park’s website, the story begins almost two billion years ago with the formation of the igneous and metamorphic rocks of the inner gorge. And still today these forces of nature are at work slowly deepening and widening the region. Further up the Colorado River, at the Colorado National Monument, ancient landscapes built up the rock layers of sand and mud that you see there.

The two videos below created by Rangers at these two National Parks prompt writers to get outside and consider the landscapes around them and how those landscapes have been formed, are still changing, and will look in the future.

Writing “Spark”

As educator Peter Elbow writes, “the most effective way … improve your writing is to do free writing exercises regularly.” Use these writing “sparks” to get your writing started. Use a notebook or a journal, go digital or stay analog, feel free to incorporate images and multimedia; use or experiment with approaches that work best for you.

Spark—Grand Canyon National Park: Imagine yourself standing on the landscape one million years in the future; what would it look like and why?

Content focus: Geologic time and change
Age-level recommendations: All ages
Time: Video length = 4:42; Writing time as needed

After a Land Acknowledgement, Ranger Tarryn supports writers in considering scale of the Grant Canyon through a geologic timeline and then prompts writers to reflect on change and geologic time in your community. Imagine yourself standing on the landscape one million years in the future; what would it look like and why?

Storyboard (and/or Animation) “Spark”

As educator Penny Kittle writes, a storyboard is a combination of sketches and words that help to tell a story or organize an idea. Use this “spark” to get your storyboard (or even an animation) started. Use a notebook or a journal, go digital or stay analog, feel free to incorporate images and multimedia; use or experiment with approaches that work best for you.

Spark—Colorado National Monument: Create a storyboard that shows a place changing over time.

Content focus: Geologic change and forces, storyboarding to tell and share stories
Age-level recommendations: All ages
Time: Video length = 1:43; Writing time as needed

Ranger Sam from the Colorado National Monument describes the way that she learns about and tells the story of the landscape. She describes the way that she creates storyboards to sketch the details that she wants to share with visitors to the park and encourages writers to do the same based on their place and the way it has changed (geologically or otherwise) over time.

Share Your Writing

Writing outdoors provides a wonderful opportunity to share your writing with others. Here are a few ideas how do this whether you are in person or at a distance from each other:

  • Come together in a circle and go one by one to share your writing, or an excerpt from your writing (writers should always have an opportunity to pass if they so choose); if you aren’t in person, set up an online video conference to do this;
  • Develop a collaborative work on the fly by having each writer share one line of their work as they go around in a circle; if you aren’t in person, you can create an email address, hashtag and/or online form for individuals to submit their selections;
  • Set up a “gallery” of writing which could support browsing, feedback and/or response; this is especially useful if the writing is multimodal in nature. This can happen in person or online using a shared collaborative space like Google Jamboard, Padlet etc.
  • Writers are always encouraged by the National Writing Project to share their work by posting on social media using the hashtags #nwpwritenow #writeout; consider connecting and writing outside in October during the annual Write Out event when many others will be doing the same.

Related Resources

Below are related resources gathered to further support inquiry and exploration of this topic. If you have additional resources to recommend, please share them online via the hashtag #writeout

Geology at the Grand Canyon National Park
Have you ever wondered how the Grand Canyon was formed and why it is found here in Northern Arizona? To understand the formation of the canyon, there is a simple way to remember how it was shaped over time. All you have to remember are the letters D U D E or dude. The letters stand for: Deposition, Uplift, Down cutting and Erosion.

The Active Geology of the Monument
The rock layers here connect many neighboring National Park Service units. The Precambrian rock layer in our canyon bottoms is on full display at Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park. The smooth Entrada sandstone along Rimrock Drive is the main arch-forming layer at Arches National Park. The Morrison formation in our highlands also produces fossils at Dinosaur National Monument. The geology here connects stories from across the Colorado Plateau and the planet.

Talking Trees: Prompts for Writing Outside

“The trees act not as individuals, but somehow as a collective. Exactly how they do this, we don’t yet know. But what we see is the power of unity. What happens to one happens to us all. We can starve together or feast together.”
Robin Wall Kimmerer, Braiding Sweetgrass: Indigenous Wisdom, Scientific Knowledge and the Teachings of Plants

 

Researchers, such as ecologist Suzanne Simard, have published work demonstrating the ways that trees “talk” to each other through networks of roots and fungi under the ground.

How might writing outside allow us to tap into our experiences with trees around us? In these two videos, we are prompted by two experts to go outside, spend time with the trees around us, and explore – through writing – what they communicate to us and to each other.

 

Writing “Sparks”

Educator Peter Elbow writes that “The most effective way … improve your writing is to do free writing exercises regularly.” Use these writing “sparks” to get your writing started. Use a notebook or a journal, go digital or stay analog, feel free to incorporate images and multimedia; use or experiment with approaches that work best for you.

 

Spark—Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Park: Trees “Talk” to Each Other Through Their Root Systems

Content focus: Masting process of oak trees, exploring how tree communicate
Age-level recommendations:
All grades, supportive of young writers
Time:
Video length = 3:45; Writing time as needed

Park Ranger McKenzie of the Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Park describes the ways that oak trees in the park go through a process of masting every few years. Ranger Makenzie prompts us to write by asking:

We know that some trees can “talk” to each other through their root systems. What kind of messages might trees send to each other?

 

Spark—Hip-Hop Forestry: Stories Happen in Forests

Content focus: Forests and the stories they tell; Dr. Easley’s Hip-Hop Forestry philosophy; diversity, equity and inclusion
Age-level recommendations:
Older writers engaging with complex topics
Time:
Video length = 2:29; Writing time as needed

In this video (used with permission) Dr. Thomas RaShad Easley—forester, hip-hop artist, and Assistant Dean for Community & Inclusion at Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies—describes his Hip Hop Forestry philosophy and prompts writers to engage in the following process:

  1. Go outside and compose/write near a tree
  2. Come back inside; note how your body feels coming from the outside to the inside
  3. Add that to your composition/writing
  4. When ready, read your writing out loud to another person.

 

Share Your Writing

Writing outdoors provides a wonderful opportunity to share your writing with others. Here are a few ideas how do this whether you are in person or at a distance from each other:

  • Come together in a circle and go one by one to share your writing, or an excerpt from your writing (writers should always have an opportunity to pass if they so choose); if you aren’t in person, set up an online video conference to do this;
  • Develop a collaborative work on the fly by having each writer share one line of their work as they go around in a circle; if you aren’t in person, you can create an email address, hashtag and/or online form for individuals to submit their selections;
  • Set up a “gallery” of writing which could support browsing, feedback and/or response; this is especially useful if the writing is multimodal in nature. This can happen in person or online using a shared collaborative space like Google Jamboard, Padlet etc.

Writers are always encouraged by the National Writing Project to share their work by posting on social media using the hashtags #nwpwritenow #writeout. Consider connecting and writing outside in October during the annual Write Out event when many others will be doing the same.

 

Related Resources

Below are related resources gathered to further support inquiry and exploration of this topic. If you have additional resources to recommend, please share them online via the hashtag #writeout

 

Tree Communications

“How trees secretly talk to each other”, BBC News, published June 29, 2018

“How Trees Secretly Talk to Each Other in the Forest”, National Geographic Decoder, published Sep 11, 2018

“The Social Life of Forests: Trees appear to communicate and cooperate through subterranean networks of fungi. What are they sharing with one another?”
New York Times Magazine, published December 2, 2020

“Tons of acorns? It must be a mast year”
The Conversation, published November 15, 2019

 

Diversity, Equity and Inclusion

“How Hip Hop Can Bring Green Issues to Communities of Color”
Yale Environment 360, published March 3, 2020
Authored by Thomas Easley