Double the Work (PDF), co-funded by the Carnegie Foundation and the Center for Applied Linguistics, outlines the challenges that secondary English language learners (ELLs) face in trying to meet grade-level academic expectations while they are still acquiring the English language. This report is crucial reading for all individuals who work with secondary ELLs, whether as classroom teachers, support teachers, or administrators.
Double the Work identifies the major challenges to improving literacy in adolescent ELLs:
- Lack of common criteria for identifying ELLs and tracking their performance
- Lack of appropriate assessments
- Inadequate educator capacity for improving literacy in ELLs
- Lack of appropriate and flexible program options
- Limited use of research-based instructional practices
- Lack of a strong and coherent research agenda for adolescent ELL literacy
The report makes the following recommendations to help meet the literacy needs of ELLs:
- Set common criteria for identifying these learners and tracking their performance.
- Develop new and improved assessments of their native language abilities, English language development, and content-knowledge learning.
- Build capacity among pre-service and current educators to instruct these learners effectively.
- Design appropriate and flexible secondary school programs that offer time and coursework that account for the second language development process.
- Use research-based instructional practices more widely and consistently.
- Fund and conduct more short- and long-term research on new and existing interventions and programs, and on the academic performance of these adolescent ELLs.